Social causes gender roles depression health and social care essay

Social Causes of Depression

Gordon G, Welbourn A. We describe some salient gender health differences in cardiovascular disease, immune function and disorders, and depression and indicate why neither social nor biological perspectives alone are sufficient to account for them.

Where people are born dramatically impacts their life chances. Violence and crime are major urban health challenges. A national cross-sectional survey of British adults found that people in the most disadvantaged socioeconomic positions reported higher rates of affective disorders and minor physical illnesses than those in higher positions.

The study found important gender and racial differences between different groups, black men being the most affected by poor nutrition if lacking in social support and capital. Having experienced sexual or physical violence can lead to an increased risk in experiencing depression for both men and women, although women are at a higher risk due to a higher rate of experiencing violence.

Second, we considered whether intensification of gender-role identities, if it occurred, could explain the development of depressive symptoms and the emergence of a gender difference in depression. This longitudinal study assessed whether individuals became more stereotypical in their gender-role identity across adolescence, and whether such patterns predicted depressive symptoms.

Thus, the gender differences in economic roles strongly influence mental health outcomes. All in all, we can conclude that the whole area of gender, in relation to mental health problems, is both difficult, multifactorial and complex.

In the case of HIV-associated disease, for instance, the economic consequences may be worse for women who are left with families to support when husbands become infected and die, or they may not be able to earn income or support their families when they themselves are ill.

Such models are based on the implicit hypothesis that the health effects produced by inequality and discrimination go in the same direction for biological and social factors. It is inevitable, the feeling of hopelessness, sorrow, or being alone.

Treating gender as a fundamental cause sheds little light on how social factors contribute to the gender health paradox, including whether and how they affect or interact with biological processes.

Youth health[ edit ] Adolescent health has been proven to be influenced by both structural and proximal determinants, but structural determinants play the more significant role.

When men are ill, others encourage them to seek medical help, and hence they are appropriately diagnosed and treated earlier than women.

Participants were originally recruited from the Madison and Milwaukee, Wisconsin areas and currently reside in a range of communities, including a large Midwestern city, a small Midwestern city, several small towns, and rural areas.

Somewhat similar results have been reported internationally.

Sociology/ Health And Illness term paper 15967

Depressed persons often perform poorly in marriage and relationship with family members and they also might respond negatively to others, which have the ability to create stressful life events, which as a result might drive the person further into depression. The gender intensification hypothesis posits that, as adolescents experience these and other socializing influences, they will become more stereotypical in their gender-role identities and gendered attitudes and behaviors.

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Many new initiatives and policies have been created in the past 20 years to help address the issues that are faced in the public sector of mental health. We know that depression and anxiety related patterns of illness, together with those that have a significant element of somatosisation of their symptomatology, are more likely to occur in women than men with a ratio of about 3: There are many interpersonal instances that can have the ability to lead to the onset of depression, such as the family environment, the socialization setting, and the discrimination against gender in certain cultures and instances.

This was attributed to the fact that literacy is much more prevalent among men, and those who are illiterate are, therefore, more likely to be poor. Men were much more likely to have health insurance from their employers than women, who tended to be treated more as charity cases. Some of the positive changes that have been made include: The gender differences were found in the other socioeconomic classes.

Our sample consisted of 97 couples recruited from an inner city area in Britain who had experienced a total of shared crises, made up of one or more major life events.

In rural Haiti, the differences in nutritional status for male and female caregivers were examined for children whose mothers were absent from home during the day. This has been explained by several factors—the greater likelihood to skip meals when living alone, or to eat filling but unhealthy products and snacks.

Such policies are still not implemented in most of the developing world. Ironically, the primary clinical trial arm of the planned year hormone replacement therapy HRT intervention was halted in after a mean of 5.

A number of studies have shown that, as a lifetime experience, nearly half of the population will suffer some kind of quantifiable psychological or psychiatric disorder. The literature on tropical diseases found significant gender differences in the impact of infectious diseases on men and women because of their differential exposure to vectors, such as mosquitoes or sandflies Finally, sophisticated statistical programs such as Mplus offer state-of-the-art methods for handling missing values using an approach proposed by Arbucklein which separate means and covariances are calculated for each group of participants who have the same pattern of data completion and then combined to predict the log likelihood for the full sample using full information maximum likelihood.

Numerous studies also show that a person s social class strongly affects health and longevity, and that poverty and social class are the most important factors determining health.

Exploring Gender Difference in Depression

Retrieved on November 20th, from: Recently, my colleagues and I set out to explore some of the possible explanations for gender differences in depression Nazroo et al. Women are more likely to be open and to disclose their problems to a healthcare professional than a man.

However, gender analysis is key to understanding the experience of health and how to intervene to prevent illness. Obesity is a paramount problem, especially among the poor and socially disadvantaged, in cities worldwide, according to the WHO Hawkes et al. Clinical trials typically excluded women to protect them and their unborn children from possible negative effects.

Although we are working as a society to break down these stereotypes, they are still prevalent and we must find ways to cope with them. The Causes Of Stigma Health And Social Care Essay. INTRODUCTION.

There is so much discussion about HIV/AIDS because it is a chronic disease with a deep psychosocial impact due to its strong connection with sexual and societal stigmatized behavior, such as sexual profligate and illegal drug use (4). I argue that depression is best understood in terms of systems of power, including gender, and where a given individual is situated within such social relations.

The result is a model of depression that accounts for the influence of. There are many social causes prevalent in society, varying by gender, which contributes to the risk of being diagnosed with depression or the rate to which they experience depression Show More Women in the Great Depression Essay.

Social relationships—both quantity and quality—affect mental health, health behavior, physical health, and mortality risk. Sociologists have played a central role in establishing the link between social relationships and health outcomes, identifying explanations for this link, and discovering social variation (e.g., by gender and race) at the population level.

Mental health is a contested concept which can be viewed from different medical, psychological and social perspectives, which lead to diverse views on what mental health is.

Depression is a mental illness and, can affect anyone at different points in their lives, from every background and occupation. Gender differences in depression appear to be at their greatest during reproductive years (Bebbington, ). Recently, my colleagues and I set out to explore some of the possible explanations for gender differences in depression (Nazroo et al.,).

Social causes gender roles depression health and social care essay
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Social Causes of Depression